Country needs to exploit chemical industry potential

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LAHORE - Pakistan needs to exploit chemical industry potential as it can contribute significantly to the economic stability and development of the country. 

 

This was the crux of the presentations given at a seminar on Innovative Chemical Treasures and Vision 2030 arranged by the LCCI Standing Committee on Chemical and Dyes.


The speakers said that chemical industry provides key linkages in terms of products and technical solutions to several downstream industries like engineering, automotive, consumer durables, food processing, etc.


They were of the view that the global chemicals industry is the largest manufacturing industry in the world, with sales of $2.5 trillion in 2010.


They said that Pakistan’s industry is facing pressures from globally competitive markets. In view of these circumstances the challenges of enhancing, as well as modernizing, a National Innovation System (NIS) has become very important.


The history of industrial development proves that the highly industrialized countries like UK, France, Germany and the US, achieved their status after several centuries of continuous effort.


Japan, however, took a shorter time than the Europeans to achieve its status as an industrialized country. while other newly industrialized countries (NIC’s) of Southeast Asia, such as Singapore, Taiwan and Hong Kong, have also shown similarly remarkable progress in an even shorter time span.


Other countries like Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand, as well as China, India and Brazil, have exhibited what is termed as miracles. Their achievements have also been spectacular and unparalleled in history.


Their leaders took strategic decisions that eventually led to the desired transformation. These countries paid special attention to the development of their NIS, which formed an important aspect of their economic structure and institutional setups, which had a positive impact on human resource development, and also enhanced and improved their systems of production, marketing and associated sub-systems. These factors formed the basis of these countries’ innovative technologies.


In Pakistan, R&D institutions, universities and industry work in isolation and are completely divorced from each other’s activities. Unfortunately, no effort has so far been made by the public or private sector to develop public- private partnership in order to integrate the activities of various sectors of economy.


Various models for the utilization of local or imported technologies for commercialization have been proposed. However, the diffusion model is considered the most appropriate first step for development, given the present situation in Pakistan. One aspect of this model is designed to facilitate learning, train the labour force to high technical standards, absorb locally developed or imported technology, and to solve production problems related to energy and productivity improvements in the chemical industry, by introducing reverse engineering techniques as a first step towards the development of a NIS


Process science and engineering technology (PS&ET) is the foundation for the development of the chemical industry. The development and application of PS&ET is rather fragmented in Pakistan at present. In order to meet the goals of “Chemical Industry Development - Vision 2030”, it is absolutely essential for Pakistan to enhance its PS&ET capabilities, as this is an important component of a NIS. The performance of various elements of this system in Pakistan have been critically examined, and a coherent strategy for the integration of available facilities has been proposed, in order to achieve the objectives of “Chemical Industry Development - Vision 2030”.






Courtesy:   Nation


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