Pakistani scientist develops technology to increase rice production

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ISLAMABAD: A Pakistani scientist, Dr. Fida M. Abbasi, a professor at the Department of Genetics, Hazara University, Mansehra, has developed a technology that can help increase the number of grains per panicle of rice plant from 250 to 700.

The technology named Super NPT can tremendously help in increasing the rice production in the country from 5 ton per hectare to 15 ton per hectare. New rice is 6ft tall with thick stem, large and heavy panicle of 50cm long with 700 grains. Dr Abbasi has claimed that such kind of rice did not exist in the world. He has informed that this rice can be grown under low water supply like wheat.

Rice production in Pakistan holds an extremely important position in agriculture and the national economy. It is the second most important crop, which brings economic prosperity of the growers as well as earns billions of rupees through its export for country. Pakistan is the world’s fourth largest producer of rice, after China, India and Indonesia. Each year, it produces an average of 6 million tons and together with the rest of the Indian subcontinent. The country is responsible for supplying 30 per cent of the world’s paddy rice output. Most of these crops are grown in the fertile Sindh and Punjab region with millions of farmers relying on rice cultivation as their major source of employment.

Pakistan exports high-quality basmati rice, which sells at a substantial premium in high-income markets as well as intermediate and low quality non-aromatic long grain milled rice to developing countries, mostly in East Africa where it competes with China, Vietnam, and India.

Pakistan s’ rice production is very low and cost of production is very high as compared to other rice producing countries. Due to this low production our export price is very high compared to our competitor (India and Thailand).

It is the main reason that the country’s rice exports witnessed an alarming decline of around 35 per cent during the past couple of months against exports recorded during the corresponding months last year.

 

Courtesy: The News


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